The first national big data standard approved in Russia

The first national big data standard approved in Russia

Developers from the National Center for Digital Economy of Lomonosov Moscow State University and the Institute of the Information Society emphasize that National standard ‘Information Technologies. Big data. Review and vocabulary’ is identical to the international standard ‘Information technology - Big data - Overview and vocabulary’. The development of the standard was carried out within the framework of the budgetary programme of state support for the National Technological Initiative’s (NTI) center on technologies for storing and analyzing big data at Lomonosov Moscow State University, said a representative of the NTI Platform.

"The terms established by this standard are mandatory for usage in all types of documentation and literature on this scientific and technical branch, included in the scope of work on standardization and (or) using the results of these works," - noted in the description of the standard.

The standard contains translations of English terms related to big data into Russian and an explanation of their meanings. For example, ‘data analytics’ is “a composite concept that encompasses the acquisition, collection, validation and processing of data, including its quantification, visualization and interpretation.” And, for example, ‘data variability’ - "changes in the transmission rate, format or structure, semantics or quality of the data array."

“The adoption of the first national standard sets the vector of joint actions by the authorities, business, and the scientific and educational community to develop the data economy in Russia,” says Yuri Khokhlov, chairman of the board of directors of the Institute of the Information Society. "We are committed to closing the big data standardization gap." Terminology standards are the first in the IT industry, and then all the others are added to them, he explains.

According to Khokhlov, eight more national standards in the field of big data are to be adopted, concerning their architecture, security, analysis methods, use cases, etc.

As of the end of 2019, the Boston Consulting Group estimated the Russian big data market volume at 45 billion rubles, with a growth rate of 12% over the past five years. According to the calculations of the Big Data Association, the big data market volume in Russia is 10-30 billion rubles. At the same time, according to the average forecasts of Russian and foreign experts, by 2024 this indicator is expected to grow to 300 billion rubles.

International experience

The first international standard in the field of big data "Big data - Requirements based on cloud computing and their capabilities" was approved by the International Telecommunication Union in 2015. In 2018, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) approved standards for the reference architecture of big data, use cases for big data, as well as directions for further standardization of big data. In 2020, ISO published security standards for the use of personal data in big data projects and began work on a series of standards on big data quality for analytics and machine learning.